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Arisaema Quick Guide
The information written here is based on my experience and what I have read. I am in the early stages of my collection. Good luck with your collection and please do share your experiences with me.
Early to Flower: Intermedium, Kiushianum, Nepenthoides, Serratum, Serratum mayebarae, Sikokianum, Thunbergii urashima and Triphyllum.
Early Summer Flowering: Costatum, Fargesii, Ringens, Tortuosum.
Later to flower: Candidissimum, Consanguinem.
Arisaema can change sex multiple times during their lifespan. The larger the plant material the more likely it is to be female and the smaller it is it will be male.
Most require shade but some tolerate sun ie A. Consanguineum, A. Costatum have done very well in full sun although it is not recommended.
Biggest danger is getting too wet before they develop foliage and sometimes later. You risk losing your prize plant. I have lost quite a few this year, 2021, so please be very careful. I do water before growth appears but lightly around the edge of the pot if the compost looks very dry. Best to use a light and airy compost or add loads of sand, grit or perlite. Once the foliage begins to fade cease all watering for pot plants and keep them somewhere frost free over winter. For ones in the ground make sure there is good drainage. I have A. Costatum that has been in the ground for many years with no issues.
Their Spathe/Inflorescence/Coloured bract come in a range of colours and all are streaked and most impressive. Nepenthoides is quite drab but Sikokianum is beyond impressive. All the others I have are amazing. In 2022 I have 29 species plus a seed of A. Cucculatum, which I sowed in January 2021, germinating in Feb22.
Most have an appendage to the Spathe of varying lengths. A. Intermedium also has a very long appendage to the Spadix. I measured one at over 80cm.
The rhizome/corm/bulb is actually a modified subterranean stem and are usually referred to as one of the former depending on their shape.
At the end of the season check for offsets and the condition of the modified stem. I use my finger in the centre of the pot and gradually push my finger down and spiral out slightly until you touch the modified stem checking for offsets. This year 2022 I have found 41 offsets which I have potted on. They are of various sizes and the larger they are the more likely they are to flower the following season and to be female. Check the parent plant for rot and if present cut it off. Whether you decide to remove the modified stem and store it will be up to you. I have not gone down that root yet. I will be fluffing up the soil leaving the modified stem new the surface as the roots do fade away and grow again from spring onwards.
A. Flavum is the shortist upto 40cm and A. Tortuosum the tallest upto 180cm.
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